Dynamic Characters for Maya
- This is an advanced level tutorial for artists, explaining how to create Dynamic Characters for HeroEngine. Before working through this page, you may wish to read the Dynamic Character Primer
- Max Users - please read the Max Tutorial located at Dynamic_Characters_Tutorial.
HeroEngine has two types of characters:
- Static Characters can be considered as 'fixed' characters as they have no swappable parts and are exported with the geometry and skeleton together.
- Dynamic Characters can be considered as 'modular' characters as they have some combination of swappable parts, tintable textures, and/or swappable textures banks. Their skeleton is exported separately from the geometric parts.
Both Character Types can be initially setup using the Hero Character Tools within Maya, then have updates exported using Hero Export. This tutorial will walk you through the full creation process of a static character. Specific details on how to stay error free for each export mode are here Hero Export Guide.
It is required that character files go inside the Character/Dynamic_2 folder, but you may create subfolders in anyway you like.
When using the Hero Character Tools, each character will get a set of folders in a folder based on the Character name.
For Static Characters, the tool creates a .dat file, the character's mesh and skeleton file, a maps folder with any applied textures copied over, and an animation folder with a template animation agent script in it, as well as a placeholder idle animation file.
For Dynamic Characters, a parts folder will also be created and the selected mesh exported there as a mesh file in addition to the Static Characters setup. with the skeleton file containing just the skeleton and no mesh. Meshes for Dynamic Characters should be exported as parts and saved in the parts folder.
This tutorial will walk you through the full creation process of a dynamic character.
Specific details on how to stay error free for each export mode are here: Hero Export Guide
Build the Geometry
First thing to do is to build yourself a piece of geometry that resembles some sort of critter in Maya. For this example we'll be using a generic human. Remember to name it and reset transforms and scale back to 0.
* Transforms and scale should be reset * Polys are single sided * Pivot point should be placed where you want it relative to the object * For characters this means origin (0,0,0) * Object should be 1 single mesh * Plan, Plan, Plan, and Plan some more on how you want your parts to be broken down.
This character does not have vertex paint on it; however feel free to use the vertex paint to add additional detail on your own character.
Use a HeroMaterial
Next add a HeroMaterial to your Geometry.
Materials are added within Maya using a custom material, the Hero Shader.
If you need more than one Hero Shader, that is acceptable, you can assign a Hero Shader material directly to the appropriate polygons.
Build the Skeleton
Some things to keep in mind when building rigs.
* Rig should be placed at origin to ensure ease of use as files pile up. * Rig should face the positive Z axis in Maya * Create any needed animation masks using the "Mask editor" on the export panel * Any locators or extra rigging elements should be hidden before export * Skeleton is a single root hierarchy. Joints must be parented to other Joints. No broken hierarchy(joint to locator to joint)
Add the SRB
The SRB (Synthetic Root Bone) is used by the engine to keep track of a character location as well as syncing animation.
Also See: Animating_Characters_Tutorial.
You can add a new SRB or delete an existing one, by using the create and delete SRB button on the HeroTools shelf.
Add Animation Masks
Animation Masks are used if you want to play a second animation on part of the rig. A good example is if a character is running and needs to play an impact animation. Since you won't want to stop the character from running, you can play the impact on the upper torso of the character while the lower half continues to run by adding an impact animation mask. Additional information can be found here on the Animation Mask page.
# Select the Anim Channels button from the HeroTools Shelf # Type a name into the input field - Impact in this example - and click add # Select the channel from the now created list in the same window and click "Tag Selected". # Close Mask Editor # Select each bone and adjust to the desired weight. # Values are between 0 and 1 with 1 being 100% of the channel on and 0 being completely off.
Note: Animation Masks only need to be created in the initial character export( skeleton file ), not the animation files themselves.
Skin the Geometry to the Skeleton
Make sure all joints have had their scales reset to be uniform 100%. Non uniform scaled joints can cause eventual animation problems in engine. You must have at least 2 joint influencing a vertex. HeroEngine supports up to 4 influences.
When dealing with lots of parts, there are two work flows that we have used while working on Hero's Journey:
- The first is to have each part in its own Maya file. This keeps your max file lightweight, but has some drawbacks when going back to tweak various parts.
- The second and current method is to keep all parts in the Maya scene or to at least keep like parts in the scene sets. Then as parts are exported, all that is necessary is to unhide the part being exported, while keeping the rest hidden. This allows material changes and things of that nature to become less of a headache. And it is easier to keep track of one parts file, rather than a few dozen.
Export Your Dynamic Character SkeletonHeroBlade exporter. Set the mode as Dynamic Character Skeleton and make sure that post processing is always on. Export unhidden is the most common way of exporting whatever is currently viewable in your view port. Remember to hide any unwanted helper or rigging objects. They will only add weight and confusion to your file.
* Export using the Dynamic Character Skeleton setting on HeroBlade exporter * Hide any unwanted objects/locators in the background before export * Do not export any Geometry or Parts with the Dynamic Character Skeleton
Export Your Dynamic Character Parts
Last but not least, export your asset through the HeroBlade exporter. Set the mode as Dynamic Character Part and make sure that post processing is always on. Export unhidden is the most common way of exporting what is viewable in your view port. Remember to hide any unwanted helper or rigging objects. They will only add weight and confusion to your file.
- Export using the Character Part setting on heroblade exporter
- Hide any unwanted objects/locators in the background before export
- Export Parts one at a time either by hiding and unhiding unneeded parts, or by keeping them in separate files
- Keep the skeleton viewable, it will get stripped out by the post processor
- Rinse and Repeat this process until all of your parts are exported.
Animate your Character
A guide for animating your Character can be found in the Animating Characters Tutorial.
Create set up files
Set up a .DAT
A .dat file tells HeroEngine about your Character Specification. It has information such as where the character's skeleton and animations are located. It is usually easiest to just copy one of the sample character's .dat files, and edit it to suit your new character, rather than building a .dat file from scratch.
The .dat file needs to have the same name as the character folder that it resides in. In this example Hero's Journey case, "Gaurd".
Notice that with a dynamic character, the model line points to a .dyc file instead of the skeleton. This is because dynamic characters can have skeletal morphing which requires the declaration of multiple skeleton files.
More information on the .dat can be found on the Character Spec page.
! ! Character Specification for Character\Gaurd\Gaurd.dat ! ! Version=2 [PARTS] Model=Gaurd.dyc AnimationSetFolder=Character\Gaurd\animation\ Agent=Character\Gaurd\animation\lightless.aas Behavior=PlayerCharacter2 Gender=Male
Set up a .DYC
A .dyc file tells HeroEngine about where the skeleton and parts files are located. The .dyc file becomes more involved when dealing with skeletal morphing and adds a few extra lines in for the additional skeletons.
Version=1 [SETTINGS] Skeleton=skeleton.(file extension) PartsSpec=Gaurd.par
Set up a .PAR
- Main page: Parts Files
A .par, or Parts File, is used to tell HeroEngine about what parts your character is currently wearing, and what parts could possibly be used as alternatives.
Detailed information on the nuts and bolts of a .par file is located on the Parts Files page
Until you've gone through the Animating Characters Tutorial and done all the appropriate work, you will not be able to move on. Once you have done all the appropriate animations and associated files, continue forward.
Now that your Character is exported and your animations are all done, it's time to upload your resulting character_skeleton file, .dds textures, .dat file, .dyc file, .par file, animation files, .aas animation agent script, animationset.dat file, and animation sequence .asq files using the Repository Browser. Then, you can add your asset into HeroEngine.
Register Character Specification
The remainder of the character pipeline takes place in the HeroBlade client. After all the appropriate files have been uploaded, register the character's specification with HeroEngine to let it know that the spec (in this case the Hero's Journey "Gaurd") exists. After the Character Specification is created, you can make as many instances of that character as you like, or use whatever systems your scripters come up with, to move characters around.
Since we need to register the character first, we will add a specification to HeroEngine.
Enter the following into the chat panel. spec is short for specification.
/henpc add spec Gaurd \character\Gaurd\
Create an Instance of your Character
Now that the character is registered with HeroEngine, you can make an instance of it in the world.
Enter the following into the chat panel
/henpc create Gaurd
Change your Character's Parts
Possess your character by using the select tool or the move tool and right-click the character. When the menu appears, select Possess Npc.
Now that you've possessed your character, hold down control+shift and click in the upper left pixel of the viewport. This brings up the Hot Spot Menu, where you can select the No Frills Character Manager, probably under the CCS tab.
- Now, just use some experimentation to see how things work with changing parts.
- When you are finished, close the Character Manager.
Most of the Dynamic Character options are available here to tamper with.
Additional Dynamic Options
If you would to add any of the following features to your dynamic character, please follow the appropriate links below. Remember any combination of these features can be used for a dynamic character.